Register    Login    Search    Rss Feeds

 Page 1 of 1 [ 3 posts ] 



 
Author Message
 Post subject: From the Manhattan SC book 5th edition
 Post Posted: Mon Jun 11, 2012 5:44 am 
Offline
Forum Guests


Posts: 18
On page 267,

Having been shown into the office, Julia waited for the dentists to arrive.


Correct.
The whole phrase that precedes the comma functions as a participial phrase modifying the verb waited.

How the phrase modify the verb?
Doesn't it modofy Julia?


The words "having been shown" are strongly analgous to a verb in the past perfect tense.

How?? I don't understand this explanation.


Top 
 Post subject: Re: From the Manhattan SC book 5th edition
 Post Posted: Tue Jun 12, 2012 2:58 am 
Offline
Forum Guests


Posts: 4
Please keep aside sentence structure and focus on meaning

"having been + past participle"

passive structure used in participle clauses as an alternative to a since-clause:

1. "Having seen an accident ahead, I stopped my car."
Meaning I noticed that there had been an accident ahead and stopped my car.
2. Seeing an accident ahead, I stopped my car.

Meaning When I saw the accident ahead, I stopped my car.

Now read this sentence

"Having been unemployed for over two years, I found it difficult to get work."

"Having been shown into the office, Julia waited for the dentists to arrive."

see link http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learn ... v305.shtml

Hope It is clear to you.


Top 
 Post subject: Re: From the Manhattan SC book 5th edition
 Post Posted: Wed Jun 20, 2012 2:58 pm 
Offline
ManhattanGMAT Staff


Posts: 1087
Excellent explanation and reference point. I'll also add this:

"Having been shown into the office" doesn't really describe Julia. I wouldn't saying, here's my friend Julia, she's been having been shown into the office. It's more of a temporal description. When did Julia wait for the dentist? After she'd been shown into the office.

_________________
Joe Lucero
Manhattan GMAT Instructor


Top 
Display posts from previous:  Sort by  
 
 Page 1 of 1 [ 3 posts ] 





Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 0 guests

 
 

 
You cannot post new topics in this forum
You cannot reply to topics in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot post attachments in this forum

Search for:
Jump to: