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NMencia09

Post subject: Combinatorics: Using the Glue Method vs. Slot Method Posted: Thu Feb 23, 2012 7:51 pm 


Course Students 

Posts: 36

Hello,
This is from the World Translations Strat. Guide. pg. 73 under "Arrangement with Constraints"
Greg, Marcia, Peter, Jan, Bobby, and Cindy go to a movie and sit next to each other in 6 adjacent seats. If Marcia and Jan will not sit next to each other, in how many different arrangements can the six people sit?
How can you solve this problem using the Slot Method?
There are 6 separate decisions, but the choices for the slots depend on who sits down first. If Marcia sits down first, then there I'm getting 6,4,4,3,2,1 for the slots which comes ou to 576. The answer is 480 using glue method. Is there a way to use the S.M.?
Thank you!





LazyNK

Post subject: Re: Combinatorics: Using the Glue Method vs. Slot Method Posted: Tue Feb 28, 2012 1:51 pm 


Students 

Posts: 38

Hey Noah, I believe you must get used to the glue method for such problems. The slot method is possible, but very complicated. I am not sure how you arrived at the slot method results you mention, but the correct slot method is as follows ( and I'm sure looking at this solution, you'd see the advantage of the glue method) : GMPJBC Case 1 : M takes first slot from left, N takes third from left Total possibilities = 1x4x1x3x2x1 = 24 Case 2 : M takes first slot from left, N takes fourth from left Total possibilities=1x4x3x1x2x1=24 Case 3 : M takes first slot from left, N takes fifth from left Total possibilities=1x4x3x2x1x1=24 Case 4 : M takes first slot from left, N takes sixth slot Total possibilities=1x4x3x2x1x1=24 Total allowed possibilities where M takes first slot= 24x4 = 24 x # of allowed possibilities for N=96 Similarly we'd have Case5Case7 where M takes the second slot from left (only three allowed possibilities for N for this case)=24x3=72 Similarly, Case8Case10 where M takes the third slot from left (again only three allowed possiblities for N)=24x3=72 As again, Case11Case13, M takes fourth slot from left(three allowed possiblities for N)=24x3=72 Case14Case16, M takes fifth slot from left (three allowed possiblities for N)=24x3=72 Case17Case20, M takes sixth slot from left ( Four allowed possiblities for N)=24x4=96
Thus total allowed possibilities=96x2+72*4=192+288=480
Hope it clarifies. NK





tim

Post subject: Re: Combinatorics: Using the Glue Method vs. Slot Method Posted: Tue Mar 06, 2012 8:29 am 


ManhattanGMAT Staff 

Posts: 5065 Location: Southwest Airlines, seat 21C

Thanks Lazy! Keep in mind not every conceivable strategy can be applied to every conceivable problem..
_________________ Tim Sanders Manhattan GMAT Instructor






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